The Mons are the principal Burma branch of the Mon-Khmer. Mon Burmar. Pao . Rakhine. Chin. Kachin. Shan and Kayin inhabit the Mon state. In 1983 the population was about 1637.200 and in 1996 the population was 2.4 million. Majority of the inhabitant are Mons and Bamars. Mon state has borders with the Bago division in the south of Sittaung River Mouth. Kayin State in the east. Thailand and Tanintharyi Division in the south and Andaman Sea and Gulf of Mottama in the west.