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Ecotourism

Myanmar is a land full of richness in nature and the diversity of species. The ecosystems in this country constitute one of the biological reservoirs in Asia. The land area of Myanmar is 261,228 square miles, with a variety of natural resources, plants and animals. The Ministry of Forestry is responsible for maintain the forests of Myanmar. There are over 7,000 plants and over 1,000 endemic species. Also, there are about 1,000 bird species, 300 mammals, 350 reptiles are recorded. The richness of the biodiversity in nature gives Myanmar a way for Ecotourism. The general concept of ecotourism is to restrict the number of visitors within the carrying capacity of the ecotourism site. The allowable tourism level at such areas will vary with the tolerant sensitivity of the type of forests and its environment. Now there are nature reserves and wildlife centuries for ecotourism development. Contact your tour operators for detail information about the ecotourism trips.

Here are some of the Natural Gardens, Parks, and Sanctuaries

National Kandawgyi Garden

National Kandawgyi Garden is located in Pyin Oo Lwin, Mandalay. The Area is about 344.81 acres and was established in 1915. This Garden before was known as National Botanical Garden. It serves as a recreation centre for the public and as an ecotourism site for the tourists. More >>

Moeyingyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary

Moeyingyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Waw Township, Bago Division. It is a land of 40 square miles. This sanctuary was established in 1986. This sanctuary is to conserve resident and migratory water birds and their habitats. More >>

Shwesettaw Wildlife Sanctuary

Shwesettaw Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Minbu, Setote-taya, Saku and Ngapeh Townships of Magwe Division. The total area is 213.4 square miles. It was established in 1940. This sanctuary is to conserve the deer of Myanmar and the dry zone. More >>

Khakaborazi National Park

Khakaborazi National Park is located in Naungmung Township of Kachin State and it covers an area of 1,472 square miles. This park is to conserve natural forests and wildlife in the northern part of Myanmar. More >>

Inle Lake Sanctuary

Inle Lake Sanctuary is a wetland sanctuary and located in Naung Shwe, Pinlaung and Peh Kon Townships of Southern Shan State. It covers an area of 642.32 square miles and was established in 1985. This sanctuary is to conserve and protect natural vegetation, wetland birds and fresh water fishes in Inlay sanctuary. More >>

Seint Ye Forest Camp

Seint Ye Forest Camp is located in Oaktwin Township of Bago Division and was established during the year 1996. It occupies an area of 102 acres. This forest camp is to observe natural teak forests and teak growing environmental conditions. More >>

Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Camp

Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Camp is located in Taikkyi Township of Yangon Division. It has an area of 10 acres and established in 1986. The aim of this Camp is to develop and promote from Elephant Nursing Camp to Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Research Camp. More >>

Nat Ma Taung National Park

Located in Kanpet-let, Mindut and Matupi Townships of Chin State, Nat Ma Taung National Park was established in 1994. It covers and area of 279 square miles. To conserve the watershed areas of Lemro river, Myitha river, Saw Chaung, Maw Chaung, Salin Chuaung, Che Chaung, Yow Chaung, Mon Chaung and the animals in it. More >>

Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Mohnyin Township of Kachin State. It covers an area of 299.32 square miles and was established in 1999. The sanctuary determines to conserve the largest inland lake in Southeast Asia and to protect it’s the dwelling birds. More>>



National Botanical Garden / National Kandawgyi Gardens

 

Click here to see the Map of National Kandawgyi Gardens

 

History

 

In 1915, a Forest Researcher Mr. Alex Rogers founded the Botanical Garden. He planned, chose, looked for the right place and established it into an international garden. Recently after the establishment of the garden, in 1917, Mr. Otway Wheeler Cuffe and his wife Mr. Charlotte Wheeler Cuffe helped Mr. Rogers with the ideas, formation, landscaping, building the garden in the London Kew Gardens. Before it was only 150 acres in area.

 

In 1924, December 1st, the Botanical Garden was turned into the National Botanical Garden with a total acres of 240. The garden was well preserved by the Ministry of Forestry. In 2000, the garden was maintained and now it has great landscaping and scenic view.

 

Nan Myint Tower

 

A tower was built in the National Kandawgyi Gardens on 11th April 2002 and was opened on 18th December 2003. The diameter of the tower is 50 feet and has a height of 215 feet. There are 12 levels, where 10 levels are for viewing the beautiful scenes of the garden. And 11th floor is for the Function Hall.

 

Other interesting attractions

 

Orchid Garden, Children Playground, Pagoda Island, Tea House, Souvenir Center, Cascadean Garden, Rainbow Fountain, Swamp Walkway, Rock Garden, Bamboo Garden, Croton Garden, Pine Forest, Timber Walkways, Rain Forest, Walk in Aviary and Takin Compound are other interesting places to visit in National Kandawgyi Gardens.

 

Location

 

Located between 22°O' N and 96°30' E in Pyin Oo Lwin Town of Mandalay Division. 3538 feet above sea level.

 

Area

 

436.96 acres.

 

Year of Establishment

 

Established in 1915

 

Access

  • Yangon via Manadalay to Pyin Oo Lwin, 472 miles by car.

  • Yangon to Mandalay, 400 miles by air and Mandalay to Pyin Oo Lwin, 42 miles by car.

Objectives

  • To serve as a recreation center for the public.

  • To carry out educational activities related to conservation of trees and forests so that people will become interested and appreciate the values of trees and flowers.

  • To assist botanists and researchers with their studies.

  • To collect and reproduce rare and endangered plant species for their perpetual existence, conduct research activities and assist the development of ecotourism industry.

Forest/vegetative Types

  • Forest trees (big species) : about 344 species. Total number of trees : about 5000.

  • Indigenous orchids : 42 species.

  • Rose : 25 species.

  • Crinum amoenum (land lily): 6 species.

  • Natural Forest Area : 42 acres.

Wildlife

  • Mandarin Duck, Mute Swan, Black Swan

  • Green and White Peacock

  • Rare Takin

  • Inland indigenous birds (resident forest birds), reptiles, small mammal species and insects are present.

Conservation, Development and Research Programmes

  • Conservation of trees already planted.

  • Additional planting of tree species which are ecologically adaptable.

  • Maintenance and improvement of completed land-scaping activities with advanced technology.

  • Implementation of educational programmes in environment and nature conservation.

Opportunities for Study and Recreation
  • Study and research activities relating to Botany.

  • Rest and recreation.

Kakaborazi National Park

Location

Located between 28'05' N and 97'44' E in Naungmung Township of Kachin State.

Area

1,472 square miles.

Year of Establishment

Established in 1996.

Access

  • Yangon to Myitkyina, 920 miles by car or 723 miles by train, Myitkyina to Putao, 218 miles, and Putao to Naungmung, 35 miles by car.

Objectives

  • To conserve natural forests and wildlife in the northen part of Myanmar.

  • To establish and maintain a national park of high quality and up to the standard of modern environmental conservation policies.

  • To promote the present status to an ecotourism industry of high standard on Kakaborazi, the highest mountain in Myanmar with 29,698 feet in height and other significantly beautiful scenery.

  • To conserve watersheds in the area where the Ayeyawady River originates.

  • To carry out development activities for Himalayan Mountain Region in cooperation with the international organizations.

Forest/vegetative Types

  • Evergreen Forests

  • Hill Pine Forests

  • Moist Upper Mixed Deciduous Forests

Conservation, Development and Research Programmes

  • Effective prohibitory actions against poaching and illegal trade of rare species.

  • Conducting field studies to reval new plant and animal species.

  • Conducting necessary field studies to promote and implement an ecotourism industry of high standard.

  • Conservation of traditional culture, custom and way of living of local indigenous people.

Wildlife

  • In addition to rare species such as Takin, Musk Deer, Blue Sheep, Black Barking Deer, Phet Gyi (Muntiaus putaoensis), mammal species and insects such as butterflies are present.

Opportunities for Study and Recreation

  • Climbing snow-capped mountains.

  • Study environmental situations occuring at the origin of the Ayeyawady River.

  • Enjoyment of beautiful natural features.

  • Exploration for new plant and animal species.

  • Study traditional culture, custom and system of living of local Rawang, Lisu and Myanmar-Tibet ethnic nationals.

Moeyingyi Wetland Sanctuary

Location

 

Located between 17'34' N and 96'35' E in Bago and Waw Townships of Bago Division.

 

Area

 

40 square miles.

 

Year of Establishment

 

Established in 1986.

 

Access

  • 70 miles from Yangon along the Yangon-Bago-Pyinpongyi Highway

Objectives

  • To conserve resident and migratory water birds and their habitats.

  • To conduct scientific research on resident and migratory water birds in cooperation with international scientific organizations.

  • To organize extension programmes to educate the public on the importance of wetland ecosystem and public participation in wetland conservation activities.

Forest/vegetative Types

  • More then twenty species of aquatic grass and herb (Emergent macrophytes) including kaing grass and water are present in the sanctuary and Notsaba(Oxyza officinalis) grow particularly in shallow aera of the sanctuary. Especially Kaing grasslands are the most suitable breeding ground for water birds.

Conservation, Development and Research Programmes

  • Conservation of water birds and their habitats.

  • Conducting research on resident and migratory water birds in cooperation with international scientific organizations and conversation and management training courses.

  • Implementation of wetland conservation and management programmes.

  • Construction of basic infrastructure such as an information center, a rest house, a restaurant and two bird observation towers needed for the promotion of ecotourism and in joint-venture with a privately owned company, Shweyiwin Co.,Ltd, to promote ecotourism.

Wildlife

  • Water bird species - (42) Nos

  • Shore bird species - (33) Nos

  • According to the census conducted in January, 1998 it is noted that a total number of (4529) birds inhabited the Moeyingyi wetland wildlife sanctuary.

Opportunities for Study and Recreation

  • Watching resident and migratory water birds and enjoyment of natural view near Yangon.

  • Conducting research activities on wetland ecosystem.

  • Study wetland environment by boat.

Inlay Lake (Wet Land) Sanctuary

Location

 

Located between 20'10' N and 97'02' E in NyaungShwe, Pinlaung and Peh Kon Townships of SouthernShan State. Elevation over 2900 feet.

 

Area

 

642.32 square miles.

 

Year of Establishment Established in 1985.

 

Access

  • Yangon to Nyaung Shwe, 430 miles by car.

  • Yangon to Heho, 335 miles by air way andHeho to Nyaung Shwe, 14 miles by car.

  • Yangon via Thazi to Shwe Nyaung, 320 milesby train and Shwe Nyaung to Nyaung Shwe, 10miles by car.

Forest/vegetative Types

  • Oryza granulate, Dalbergia spinosa,Hypericum prunizolium, Coladium spp., Desmodiumoblongum, Enhydra zluctuans, Panicum sarmentosumgrow on the natural floating islets. Salixtetrasperma, Ficus spp. Crataexa nurvala,Mitragyna parvizolia, Salmalia malabarica syn., Bombax malabaricum are found in shallow water or on the shores.

Objectives

  • To conserve and protect natural vegetation, wetland birds and fresh water fishes in Inlay sanctuary.

  • To conserve geological features and scenic beauty of mountain areas.

  • To conserve Inlay watershed and maintain water resoure for Law-Pi-Ta hydroelectric power plant.

  • To conserve and educate the local people in traditional floating agriculture practised by "In" lake-dwellers.

  • To upgrade the Sanctuary so as to promote ecotourism.

Conservation, Development and Research Programmes

  • Protection of land and wetland birds and conservation of their natural habitat and refuge.

  • Construction of bird watch-towers.

  • Cooperation with Inlay watershed conservation programme.

  • Implementation of environment conservation and research.

Wildlife

  • 37 species of birds

  • 27 species of wetland birds

  • 14 species of migratory birds

  • 40 psecies of freshwater fishes, otter and turtle

Opportunities for Study and Recreation

  • Observation of world renowned wetland ecosystem 2950 feet above sea level.

  • Observation and enjoyment of scenic beauty of the Shan plateau.

  • Observation and research on various types of birds.

  • Observation and of endemci fish species such as Ngapweh (Chaudhuria caudata) and Ngaku-Shinpa (Silurus bumanensis)

  • Observation of traditional floating agriculture practised by lake dwellers.

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