Inlay Lake (Wet Land) Sanctuary



Located between 20'10' N and 97'02' E in NyaungShwe, Pinlaung and Peh Kon Townships of SouthernShan State. Elevation over 2900 feet.




642.32 square miles.


Year of Establishment Established in 1985.



  • Yangon to Nyaung Shwe, 430 miles by car.

  • Yangon to Heho, 335 miles by air way andHeho to Nyaung Shwe, 14 miles by car.

  • Yangon via Thazi to Shwe Nyaung, 320 milesby train and Shwe Nyaung to Nyaung Shwe, 10miles by car.

Forest/vegetative Types

  • Oryza granulate, Dalbergia spinosa,Hypericum prunizolium, Coladium spp., Desmodiumoblongum, Enhydra zluctuans, Panicum sarmentosumgrow on the natural floating islets. Salixtetrasperma, Ficus spp. Crataexa nurvala,Mitragyna parvizolia, Salmalia malabarica syn., Bombax malabaricum are found in shallow water or on the shores.


  • To conserve and protect natural vegetation, wetland birds and fresh water fishes in Inlay sanctuary.

  • To conserve geological features and scenic beauty of mountain areas.

  • To conserve Inlay watershed and maintain water resoure for Law-Pi-Ta hydroelectric power plant.

  • To conserve and educate the local people in traditional floating agriculture practised by "In" lake-dwellers.

  • To upgrade the Sanctuary so as to promote ecotourism.

Conservation, Development and Research Programmes

  • Protection of land and wetland birds and conservation of their natural habitat and refuge.

  • Construction of bird watch-towers.

  • Cooperation with Inlay watershed conservation programme.

  • Implementation of environment conservation and research.


  • 37 species of birds

  • 27 species of wetland birds

  • 14 species of migratory birds

  • 40 psecies of freshwater fishes, otter and turtle

Opportunities for Study and Recreation

  • Observation of world renowned wetland ecosystem 2950 feet above sea level.

  • Observation and enjoyment of scenic beauty of the Shan plateau.

  • Observation and research on various types of birds.

  • Observation and of endemci fish species such as Ngapweh (Chaudhuria caudata) and Ngaku-Shinpa (Silurus bumanensis)

  • Observation of traditional floating agriculture practised by lake dwellers.

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