Shwedagon Pagoda

Shwedagon Pagoda is the most popular and well-known pagoda in Yangon. The pagoda is one of the main tourist destinations in Myanmar. Located at No.1. Shwedagon Pagoda Road. Dagon Township. in Yangon. this pagoda is the most notable building in Yangon. The Shwedagon Pagoda is a great cone-shaped Buddhist monument that crowns a hill about one mile north of the Cantonment. The pagoda itself is a solid brick stupa (Buddhist reliquary) that is completely covered with gold. It rises 326 feet (99 m) on a hill 168 feet (51 m) above the city.

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Structure of Shwedagon

The perimeter of the base of the Pagoda is 1.420 fee and its height 326 feet above the platform. The base is surrounded by 64 small pagodas with four larger. one in the center of each side. There also are 4 sphinxes. one at each corner with 6 leogryphs. 3 on each side of them. Projecting beyond the base of the Pagoda. one on the center of each side are Tazaungs in which are images of the Buddha and where offerings are made.

There are also figures of elephants crouching and men kneeling. and pedestals for offerings all around the base. In front of the 72 shrines surrounding the base of the Pagoda. you will find in several places images of lions. serpents. ogres. yogis. spirits. or Wathundari. On the wall below the first terrace of the Pagoda at the West-Southern Ward and West-Northern Ward corners. you will see embossed figures. The former represents King Okkalapa who first built the Pagoda. The latter is a pair of figures; the one above represents Sakka who assisted in foundation of the Pagoda. and the one below. Me Lamu. consort of Sakka and mother of Okkalapa.

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Tunnels of Shwedagon

There are 4 entrances leading into the base of this great Shwedagon Pagoda. No one is sure what is inside. According to some legendary tales. there are flying and turning swords that never stop. which protect the pagoda from intruders; some says there are even underground tunnels that leads to Bagan and Thailand.

  • The 10 Parts of Shwe Dagon Pagoda
  • The Diamond Bud (Sein-phoo)
  • The Vane
  • The Crown (Htee)
  • The Plantain Bud-Shaped Bulbous Spire (Hnet-pyaw-phu)
  • The Ornamental Lotus Flower (Kyar-lan)
  • The Embossed Bands (Bang-yit)
  • The Inverted Bowl (Thabeik)
  • The Bell (Khaung-laung-pon)
  • The 3 Terraces (Pichayas)
  • The Base
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Diamond Bud. the Vane and the Crown

    Part Diamond Gold Other Precious Stones
    Bud 4.350 pieces. weighing 2.000 ratis 9.272 plates of 1 foot square. weighing 5004 ounces 93 pieces
    Vane 1.090 pieces. weighing 240 ratis - 1.338 pieces
    Crown - 1.065 gold bells 886 pieces
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    Sule Pagoda

    Sule Pagoda is located in the center of Yangon. at the junction of Sule Pagoda Road and Mahabandoola Road. Kyauktada Township. Yangon. Myanmar. This 48 meter (152 feet) high golden dome was used by the British as the nucleus of their grid pattern for the city when it was rebuilt in the 1880s. The pagoda's peculiarity is its octagonal- shaped pagoda. which retains its shape as it tapers to the spire.

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    History

    The Sule Pagoda is an excellent landmark. It is said to be over 2.000 years old. The pagoda is said to enshrine a hair of the Buddha: its Mon name. Kyaik Athok translates as "the pagoda where a Sacred Hair Relic is enshrined". The golden pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape continues right up to the bell and inverted bowl. It is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar non-religious services such as of astrologists. palmists. and so on.

    In the downtown area Sule Pagoda is a monument which most foreign visitors pass by unnoticed. But it is the only central piece of the capital. like the Arc de Triumph in Paris

    It is the Sule Pagoda. Its legend says that Sule Pagoda marks the site where King Ukkalapa held meetings to build Shwedagon. "Su-Wei" is a Myanmar word meaning "meeting". In course of time 'Su-Wei' corrupted to 'Su-Le' Successive town planners. King Thayawaddy. Montgomery. Fraser and others. all decided to keep Sule Pagoda as the centre piece of Yangon because of its strategic location. religious significance and artistic beauty. It can be reached through four entrances of the four stairways facing four cardinal directions or by two overhead bridges.

    Travel Tips

    Opening Hours - 4am to 10pm daily
    Admission Fees - US$2 per person
    Location - Located in the center of Yangon. at the junction of Sule Pagoda Road and Mahabandoola Road. Kyauktada Township. Yangon. Myanmar.

    Nearby Attractions

    Walking around the precinct will give you the sight of pious devotees performing deeds of religious merit as well as the view of the surroundings - the lofty Independence Pillar in the Maha Bandoola Park. the Immanuel Church. the mosque nearby. the imposing City Hall of Myanmar architectural design. the High Court Buildings of colonial style. and major thoroughfares from different directions making a circuit around Sule Pagoda hillock. Sule Pagoda provides a commanding position to enjoy the cityscape and to watch city life go by. The Sule Pagoda. situated in the center of Yangon. is right beside the Myanmar Travel and Tours office.

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    Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda

    Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda is located on Shwe Gon Taing Road. Tamwe Township. Yangon. Similar ones are Ngar Htat Gyi Buddha (5-Storey-High Buddha) and Koe Htat Gyi Buddha (9-Storey-High Buddha). Chauk Htat Gyi is the 6-Storey-High Buddha Image.

    The Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda is famous for its huge image of Reclining Buddha. built in 1966 replacing the old image built in 1907 by Sir Hpo Thar. But it was suffered damage due to climate over the years. In 1957 it was demolished and rebuilt to this structure in 1966. It measures 65 meters and is housed in an iron structure with corrugated iron sheets roof of six layers.

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    Hence it is generally referred to as the six-tiered pagodas. The heavy cost of this construction was entirely donated by the people. The image is larger than the image of the Reclining Buddha at Shwe Thar Hlyaung Pagoda in Bago.

    The monasteries in the vicinity of this pagoda accommodate over six hundred monks who study Buddhist Scriptures from the senior and qualified monks. The entire cost of maintenance is met from the people's donations.

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    Travel Tips

    Opening Hours - 6am to 8pm daily
    Admission Fees - Free
    Location - Shwe Gon Taing Road. Tamwe Township

    Nearby Attractions

    Just across the Shwe Gon Taing Road is the Ngar Htat Gyi Pagoda. The SSC Clinic is nearby the traffic point. The Kanbawza Bank is also near the Shwe Gon Taing Junction. Next to the Shwe Gon Taing Junction is the Excel Tower Shopping Mall.

    Botahtaung Pagoda

    The Botahtaung Pagoda is located on the Botahtaung Paya Road. which was named after the Pagoda. It is situated way downtown beside the Yangon River. The Pagoda overlooked the pleasant water front of the river.

    The Botataung Pagoda was named after the thousand military leaders who escorted first hair relics of the Buddha brought from India over two thousand years ago. The meaning of Bo is "leader" and tahtaung is "a thousand". It was built almost in the same time as Sule Pagoda and Shwedagon Pagoda over. 2500 years ago. The name of the pagoda was originally Kyaik-de-att. which was a Mon name. or Sandaw Shin as it is enshrined with the sacred hair of the Lord Buddha.

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    Structure

    The Botataung Pagoda is hollow inside and you can walk through it. It's a sort of mirrored maze inside the pagoda with glass show-cases containing many of the ancient relics and artifacts which were sealed inside the earlier pagoda. Above this interesting interior. the golden pagoda spire rises to 40 metres (132 feet).

    It rises on the circular base and especially its umbrella or country at the top of the spire in quite different from the conventional design.

    Festival and Event

    The festival of the Botahtaung pagoda is annually celebrated during the dry season. There was the weaving contest held on the precinct of the pagoda and also the contest of cooking Htamane is held every year. Htamane is a traditional Myanmar food. cooked from the sticky rice with nuts and coconut. at such events. During the festival. one of the cultural theatrical troupes usually performs throughout the night to entertain the audience. who come to pay homage and enjoy the festival. The usual food stalls are also at the entranceway as a complement to the festival traditions

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    Renovation

    The pagoda was rebuilt in modern adaptation after it had been demolished by Allied bombing during the World War II. The relics excavated during the time of repair are enshrined in the visible showcase on the interior corridor walls. Together with the relics are silver. bronze and alabaster images of Buddha in a Pagoda- shaped casket serving as a repository of the sacred Hair and relics of the two great Disciples.

    After the renovation works on the pagoda a sign of new Temples and other religious objects are constructed on the precincts of the pagoda. The area of the site is limited because of the river front on one side. but the necessary buildings including monasteries can be build in the premises.

    Travel Tips

    Opening Hours -  6am to 8pm daily
    Admission Fees
    Location - Corner of Strand Road and Botahtaung Pagoda Road. Kanna Block. Botahtaung Township. Yangon

    Nearby Attractions

    Just on the left side of the pagoda's compound is another interesting place for Ahma Mya Nan Nwe. It is a worship place for the Spiritual Being who is believed to be guarding the Botahtaung Pagoda.

    The Botahtaung Jetty can be viewed after talking a short walk towards the Yangon River.

    Kabar Aye Pagoda

    Kabar Aye Pagoda is located on Kabar Aye Road. Mayangone Township. Yangon. Myanmar. The name “Kaba Aye” in Myanmar means “World Peace” to which this pagoda is dedicated.

    Different from the other pagodas. Kabar Aye Pagoda was only built during 1952. This pagoda is significant for the Sixth World Buddhist Synod which was held in its large precinct in 1954. Myanmar people are Theravada Buddhist and are very deeply devoted to the religion. For the Sixth Buddhist Council. which was held during 1954-56. the Kabar Aye Pagoda was built in dedication to the council. The pagoda was built in 1954. The Kabar Aye Pagoda compound is a large one intended to have peace and quiet environment for the monks (Sangas) and the devotees.

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    Structure

    The circular platform around the main pagoda is enclosed in the manner of a cave-temple and there are five porches decorated in the traditional style of flamboyant arched pediments. lotus flowers. lotus buds and the swastika motif in carved stucco. The main pagoda is 117 feet 6 inches (35.82m) high. with subsidiary smaller pagodas on the five porches each 8 feet (2.4m) high. The compound of the Kabar Aye Pagoda is a large one consisting of many monasteries and the stairways to the pagoda are full of vendors on both sides. selling many hand made products.

    The Buddhist Art Museum. Maha Pasana Cave and newly built Wizaya Mingala Dhammathabin Hall are also located in the same precinct.

    Travel Tips

    Opening Hours - 6am to 8pm daily
    Admission Fees - Free
    Location - Kabar Aye Road. Mayangone Township. Yangon. Myanmar

    Nearby Attractions

    Buddhist Art Museum

    The Buddhist Art Museum at the Kabar Aye Pagoda has a wide collection of religious paraphernalia and Buddhist texts.

    Maha Pasana Cave

    To the North of the World Peace Pagoda. there is a great man-made cave 455 feet (138.32m) in length. 375 feet (114m) wide and having an internal dimension of 220 feet (66.88m) x 140 feet (42.56m) made in the shape of the cave in India. where the first Buddhist Synod or Great Council was held just some months after the Buddha went through Parinivarna. the Decease. The name of the Kabar Aye Cave is "Maha Pasana". meaning "Great Cave of Stone" and was built in 1953. It was in this great cavern that the Sixth Buddhist Synod was inaugurated in the year 2498 of the Buddhist Era (1954 AD) with 2500 venerable monks convening to recite and verify the words of the Buddha in Pali. the entire Tipitaka. which in printed form would take up about 40 volumes. The participants recited. edited. and approved the entire Buddhist scriptures known as the Three Pitakat. The cavern measures 455 by 370 feet.

    Gems Museum

    The Gems Museum is located about 10 minutes walk from the Pagoda.

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